Follow these 10 methods
By DR TRAVIS BRADBERRY
High-EQ individuals know it’s not just how much you sleep that matters, but also how you sleep.
When life gets in the way of getting the amount of sleep you need, it’s absolutely essential that you increase the quality of your sleep through good sleep hygiene. There are many hidden killers of quality sleep.
The 10 strategies that follow will help you identify these killers and clean up your sleep hygiene.
Follow them, and you’ll reap the performance and health benefits that come with getting the right quantity and quality of sleep.
1. Stay away from sleeping pills
When I say sleeping pills, I mean anything you take that sedates you so that you can sleep. Whether it’s alcohol, Nyquil, Benadryl, Valium, Ambien, or what have you, these substances greatly disrupt your brain’s natural sleep process.
Have you ever noticed that sedatives can give you some really strange dreams?
As you sleep and your brain removes harmful toxins, it cycles through an elaborate series of stages, at times shuffling through the day’s memories and storing or discarding them (which causes dreams). Sedation interferes with these cycles, altering the brain’s natural process.
Anything that interferes with the brain’s natural sleep process has dire consequences for the quality of your sleep. Many of the strategies that follow eliminate factors that disrupt this recovery process.
If getting off sleeping pills proves difficult, make certain you try some of the other strategies (such as cutting down on caffeine) that will make it easier for you to fall asleep naturally and reduce your dependence upon sedatives.
2. Stop drinking caffeine (at least after lunch)
You can sleep more and vastly improve the quality of the sleep you get by reducing your caffeine intake. Caffeine is a powerful stimulant that interferes with sleep by increasing adrenaline production and blocking sleep-inducing chemicals in the brain.
Caffeine has a six-hour half-life, which means it takes a full 24 hours to work its way out of your system. Have a cup of Joe at 8am, and you’ll still have 25% of the caffeine in your body at 8pm.
Anything you drink after noon will still be near 50% strength at bedtime. Any caffeine in your bloodstream – the negative effects increasing with the dose – makes it harder to fall and stay asleep.
When you do finally fall asleep, the worst is yet to come. Caffeine disrupts the quality of your sleep by reducing rapid eye movement sleep, the deep sleep when your body recuperates most.
When caffeine disrupts your sleep, you wake up the next day with a cognitive and emotional handicap.
You’ll be naturally inclined to grab a cup of coffee or an energy drink to try to make yourself feel more alert, which very quickly creates a vicious cycle.
3. Avoid blue light at night
This is a big one – most people don’t even realise it impacts their sleep. Short-wavelength blue light plays an important role in your mood, energy level, and sleep quality.
In the morning, sunlight contains high concentrations of this “blue” light. When your eyes are exposed to it directly (not through a window or while wearing sunglasses), the blue light halts production of the sleep-inducing hormone melatonin and makes you feel more alert.
This is great, and exposure to morning sunlight can improve your mood and energy levels. If the sun isn’t an option for you, try a blue light device.
In the afternoon, the sun’s rays lose their blue light, which allows your body to produce melatonin and start making you sleepy. By evening, your brain does not expect any blue light exposure and is very sensitive to it.
The problem this creates for sleep is that most of our favourite evening devices – laptops, tablets, televisions, and mobile phones – emit short-wavelength blue light. And in the case of your laptop, tablet, and phone, they do so brightly and right in your face.
This exposure impairs melatonin production and interferes with your ability to fall asleep as well as with the quality of your sleep once you do nod off.
Remember, the sleep cycle is a daylong process for your brain. When you confuse your brain by exposing it in the evening to what it thinks is morning sunlight, this derails the entire process with effects that linger long after you power down.
The best thing you can do is avoiding these devices after dinner (television is okay for most people as long as they sit far enough away from the set).
4. Wake up at the same time every day
Consistency is key to a good night’s sleep, especially when it comes to waking up. Waking up at the same time every day improves your mood and sleep quality by regulating your circadian rhythm.
When you have a consistent wake-up time, your brain acclimates to this and moves through the sleep cycle in preparation for you to feel rested and alert at your wake-up time.
Roughly an hour before you wake, hormone levels increase gradually (along with your body temperature and blood pressure), causing you to become more alert. This is why you’ll often find yourself waking up right before your alarm goes off.
When you don’t wake up at the same time every day, your brain doesn’t know when to complete the sleep process and when it should prepare you to be awake. Long ago, sunlight ensured a consistent wake-up time.
These days, an alarm is the only way most people can pull this off, and doing this successfully requires resisting the temptation to sleep in when you’re feeling tired because you know you’ll actually feel better by keeping your wake-up time in tact.
5. No binge sleeping on the weekend
Sleeping in on the weekend is a counterproductive way to catch up on your sleep. It messes with your circadian rhythm by giving you an inconsistent wake-up time.
When you wake up at the same time during the work week but sleep past this time on the weekend, you end up feeling groggy and tired because your brain hasn’t prepared your body to be awake.
This isn’t a big deal on your day off, but it makes you less productive on Monday because it throws your cycle off and makes it hard to get going again on your regular schedule.
6. Learn how much sleep you really need
The amount of sleep you need is something that you can’t control, and scientists are beginning to discover the genes that dictate it.
The problem is, most people sleep much less than they really need and are under-performing because they think they’re getting enough. Some discover this the hard way.
Ariana Huffington was one of those frantic types who under slept and overworked, until she collapsed unexpectedly from exhaustion one afternoon. She credits her success and well-being since then to the changes she’s made to her sleeping habits.
“I began getting 30 minutes more sleep a night, until gradually I got to seven to eight hours. The result has been transformational,” Huffington says, adding that, “all the science now demonstrates unequivocally that when we get enough sleep, everything is better: our health; our mental capacity and clarity; our joy at life; and our ability to live life without reacting to every bad thing that happens.”
Huffington isn’t the only one. Jeff Bezos, Warren Buffett, and Sheryl Sandberg have all touted the virtues of getting enough sleep.
Even Bill Gates, an infamous night owl, has affirmed the benefits of figuring out how much sleep you really need:
“I like to get seven hours of sleep a night because that’s what I need to stay sharp and creative and upbeat.”
It’s time to bite the bullet and start going to bed earlier until you find the magic number that enables you to perform at your best.
7. Stop working
When you work in the evening, it puts you into a stimulated, alert state when you should be winding down and relaxing in preparation for sleep. Recent surveys show that roughly 60% of people monitor their smart phones for work emails until they go to sleep.
Staying off blue light-emitting devices (discussed above) after a certain time each evening is also a great way to avoid working so you can relax and prepare for sleep, but any type of work before bed should be avoided if you want quality sleep.
8. Eliminate interruptions
Unfortunately for those with small children, the quality of your sleep does suffer when it is interrupted. The key here is to eliminate all the interruptions that are under your control.
If you have loud neighbours, wear earplugs to bed. If your mother likes to call at all hours of the night, make certain you silence your ringer before you go to bed.
If you had to wake up extra early in the morning, make sure your alarm clock is back on its regular time when you go to bed. Don’t drink too much water in the evening to avoid a bathroom trip in the middle of the night.
If your partner snores… well, you get the idea. If you think hard enough, there are lots of little things you can do to eliminate unnecessary interruptions to your sleep.
9. Learn to meditate
Many people who learn to meditate report that it improves the quality of their sleep and that they can get the rest they need even if they aren’t able to significantly increase the number of hours they sleep.
At the Stanford Medical Center, insomniacs participated in a six-week mindfulness meditation and cognitive-behavioural therapy course.
At the end of the study, participants’ average time to fall asleep was cut in half (from 40 to 20 minutes), and 60% of subjects no longer qualified as insomniacs. The subjects retained these gains upon follow-up a full year later.
A similar study at the University of Massachusetts Medical School found that 91% of participants either reduced the amount of medication they needed to sleep or stopped taking medication entirely after a mindfulness and sleep therapy course.
Give mindfulness a try. At minimum, you’ll fall asleep faster, as it will teach you how to relax and quiet your mind once you hit the pillow.
10. When all else fails: take naps
One of the biggest peaks in melatonin production happens during the 1–3pm time frame, which explains why most people feel sleepy in the afternoon.
Companies like Google and Zappos are capitalising on this need by giving employees the opportunity to take short afternoon naps. If you aren’t getting enough sleep at night, you’re likely going to feel an overwhelming desire to sleep in the afternoon.
When this happens, you’re better off taking a short nap (even as short as 15 minutes) than resorting to caffeine to keep you awake.
A short nap will give you the rest you need to get through the rest of the afternoon, and you’ll sleep much better in the evening than if you drink caffeine or take a long afternoon nap.
Bringing it all together
I know many of you reading this piece are thinking something along the lines of “but I know a guy (or girl) who is always up at all hours of the night working or socialising, and he/she is the number one performer at our branch.”
My answer for you is simple: this guy/girl is underperforming.
We all have innate abilities that we must maximise to reach our full potential. My job is to help people do that – to help the good become great by removing unseen performance barriers.
Being No.1 in your branch is an accomplishment, but I guarantee that this person has his or her sights set on bigger things that he or she isn’t achieving because sleep deprivation has the person performing at a fraction of his or her full potential.
You should send this article to the person. It just might shake something loose.
After all, the only thing worth catching up on at night is your sleep.
Dr. Travis Bradberry is the award-winning co-author of the #1 bestselling book, Emotional Intelligence 2.0, and the cofounder of TalentSmart, the world’s leading provider of emotional intelligence tests and training, serving more than 75% of Fortune 500 companies. His bestselling books have been translated into 25 languages and are available in more than 150 countries. Dr. Bradberry has written for, or been covered by, Newsweek, BusinessWeek, Fortune, Forbes, Fast Company, Inc., USA Today, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, and The Harvard Business Review. For more Consulting Corner articles, click here.
Prethiba is passionate about impacting people through the written word. She believes that our lives are solely written by us, and thus the power to change for the better lies with us.